Transport as an Enabler for Infrastructure Development in African Countries
Transport infrastructure facilitates economic integration and acts as an enabler for infrastructure development. For this, African transport policies need to be based on integration, connectivity, cohesion, urban mobility, accessibility and road safety.
Africa, Countries, Development, Economic, Enabler, Holistic, Infrastructure, Social, Transport
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) identifies infrastructure and regional integration as major parameters for economic growth and poverty reduction in Africa. Regional integration is essential to building markets, creating robust and diverse economies, increasing opportunities for growth, and attracting new sources of investment finance. There is a need to recognize that regional integration is paramount for Africa, where 40% of the population and one-third of the economies are trapped in landlocked countries. It is globally reckoned and acknowledged fact that transport is the ultimate enabler in infrastructure development. Transport serves other sectors of a nation’s economy, and puts development goals within reach. Lowering transport costs within national and regional borders and along the trans-Africa corridors can unlock growth potential, create jobs, and bring wealth to local communities. Efficient infrastructure attracts centres of production and consumption, gives greater access to markets and education centres and that timely access to health care, facilitated by transport can prevent maternal deaths and lower infant mortality rates. Transport is viewed as an access agenda, aimed at unlocking growth and development potential. This case intends to provide a holistic picture of the transport reforms to inform future transport policies, guide institutions and programs in their transport policy processes and provide policymakers with a better understanding of the requirements for successful policy development and implementation. Nonetheless, the messages in this case need to be augmented with the results of other relevant transport sector work.